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Selective, Reactive and Liminal – An Overview of India’s Migration Governance Over the Past Decade

Published on April 22, 2024


Exemplified by an unprecedented section devoted to internal migration, the Economic Survey of 2017-18 brought the issue of migration to the spotlight within government and policy circles. However, almost two years later, in March 2020, the government of India imposed a nation-wide lockdown prefaced by a mere four-hour notice period. As transportation froze and industries shut down abruptly, tens of thousands of migrant workers (and their dependents) were left stranded, forcing them to walk thousands of miles over foot back to their home villages, resulting in severe misery, hardship and even casualties. These events brought into stark relief the contours of migration governance in India over the past decade.

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